Sources: Cordell, Karl. "The Role of the Evangelical Church in the GDR." Government and Opposition (1990): 48-59. Dale, Gareth. The East German Revolution of 1989. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2006. Print. Mueller, Carol. "Claim "Radicalization?" The 1989 Protest Cycle in the GDR*." Society for the Study of Social Problems (2010): 528-547. Opp, Karl-dieter, and Christiane Gern. "Dissident Groups , Personal Networks , and Spontaneous Cooperation : The East German Revolution of 1989." The American Sociological Association (2010): 659-680. Pfaff, Steven. "Collective Identity and Informal Groups in Revolutionary Mobilization: East Germany in 1989." Social Forces (1996): 91. Schonsee, Reinhart, and Gerda Lederer. "The Gentle Revolution." Political Psychology (1991): 309. See also: Ackerman, Peter and Jack Duvall. A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. Additional Notes: Also see " East German protest emigration and Hungarian solidarity, 1989 " Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy: Hanna King, 10/10/2010 Back to top
A project of Swarthmore College, including Peace and Conflict Studies, the Peace Collection, and the Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility.
Copyright Swarthmore College.
Global Nonviolent Action Database is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs Unported License .
Original website design and artwork created by Daniel Hunter .
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http:// .
We were no heroes, no dissidents. We have a more relaxed view of the GDR. We know the difference between the political system and our private experience and don't feel insulted if the GDR is called an Unrechtsstaat (dictatorship). We know our past, but the majority of our life has been spent in the unified Germany. We might be generally poorer and therefore believe more in social justice and the welfare state, because our parents did not have the advantage of saving the amounts of money that the children of the booming West German economy had. We might be a little bit more direct and we are willing to make an impact. Even if we don't like solyanka .